HISTORY OF FAISALABAD
Faisalabad, formerly known as Lyallpur, is third largest city of Pakistan. It is bound on the north by the districts of Hafizabad and Chiniot, on the east by Nankana Sahib, on the south by Sahiwal, and Toba Tek Singh. The very first name of Faisalabad was Chenab Colony, then Sandalbar, then Lyallpur and currently is Faisalabad. Faisalabad was once part of ancient district of Jhang and Sandalbar. The tract from Shahdara to Shorekot, Sangla Hill to Toba Tek Singh, was traditionally called Sandalbar. By 1902 the population of the town exceeded 4,000 and jutts particularly Bajwas, Kalloos, Cheemas & Chattas came to establish the agriculture land of chenaab. In 1904 the new district of Lyallpur was constituted. It included the tehsils of Lyallpur, Samundri and Toba Tek Singh, with a subtehsil at Jaranwala which later became a full Tehsil. By 1906, the district headquarters began to function in Lyallpur. The Town Committee was upgraded to a Municipal Committee in 1909 and the Deputy Commissioner was appointed as its first chairman. In Fiasalabad, University of Agriculture was established in 1909. After independence, the city of Lyallpur enjoyed considerable development, and became a major commercial and industrial center. In 1977, the name of the city was changed to “Faisalabad”, in honour of the late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia. In 1985, the district was upgraded to a division with the new districts of Faisalabad, Jhang and Toba Tek Singh.
Geography and climate.
Faisalabad stands in the rolling flat plains of northeast Punjab, between longitude 73°74 East, latitude 30°31.5 North, with an elevation of 184 metres (604 ft) above sea level. The city proper covers an area of approximately 830 square kilometres (320 sq mi). The Chenab River flows about 30 km (19 mi) to the north-west while the River Ravi meanders about 40 km (25 mi) south-east of the city.
Faisalabad has a strong industrial base including textiles, jewellery, home furniture, and pharmaceuticals, assisted by the expanding transport network which includes newly-built motorway and highways to Lahore, Multan, Sargodha and Islamabad/Rawalpindi. Faisalabad is one of the three planned cities of the country. The eight bazaars of the city each have different types of markets and goods.
Before Pakistan’s independence there were only five industrial units in Faisalabad, but now there are numerous textile mills, engineering units and chemical and food processing units. Other industries include hosiery, carpets and rugs, nawar and lace, printing and publishing, and pharmaceutical products. There are also several thousand household industries, including some 60,000 power loom factories. The richest man of Pakistan and the owner of MCB, also belongs to this city. Local companies include Sitara group, Manno group (Rafhan foods), Crescent group, and Ibrahim group (owner of Allied Bank). The textile industry of Faisalabad constitutes more than 20% of the textile export market of Pakistan, which itself forms 18% of total exports from Pakistan. This makes Faisalabad’s share of total exports from Pakistan more than 15%. Establishment of a dry port at Gatti, a few kilometers away from the main city has greatly boosted economic activities in Faisalabad by facilitating direct imports and exports of goods and cargo. Faisalabad has been called the “Manchester of Pakistan” because it has a major impact on the economy of Pakistan. The city also generates 25% revenue for the trade and commerce activity of Pakistan.
Census carried out in March 1981 showed the population of Faisalabad city as 1,092,000, which indicated that growth rate of Faisalabad city as 3.37 percent per annum. In April 1981 the survey was carried out again which recorded the population to 1,232,000 which made the growth rate approximately 4.6%. Given this growth rate the population at the end of 1981 was estimated to be 1,240,000. The emergence of Faisalabad as a major agriculture and industrial center created a great increase in the city’s population. In the 1998 census the city population was recorded as 2,009,000, growing at a rate of 21.3% per annum. Punjabi is the most widely spoken language.
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